It’s easy to think “I’ll never have enough time for it all” when planning your first visit to New York City. There is so much history and culture crammed into Manhattan, let alone the other four boroughs that make up the City. That’s why I’ve waited until after my sixth visit to write this list of things to do for first-time visitors. I wanted to make sure I had experienced enough, that I could confidently prioritise the top sights (not just the most obvious or popular ones) and guide you through the many, many options while considering your own unique interests.
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How long for a first visit?
New York City is a place you could spend a lifetime exploring, but you can certainly cover the elementary basics in five days. Three days at an absolute minimum, will give you a superficial overview and whet your appetite for a return visit. Seven to ten days will give you a really well-rounded experience, stretching beyond Manhattan to the other boroughs. If you are travelling significant distance and time zones to get there, seven to ten days is also ideal as it gives you a little leeway for jetlag recovery.
The following list of things to do in New York City is prioritized, starting with must-dos down to the nice-tos. So no matter how long you have, start at the top and work your way down. More time means you can cover more of the list.
Must see in NYC
1. Get oriented with the Hop-on, Hop-off Bus
I recommend beginning with the hop-on, hop-off bus as a means of orientation. The bus is particularly good if you are not planning to take any neighbourhood tours or you have a very limited amount of time. A bus tour will provide a great overview of the City’s layout and history.
TOP TIP: I have had great and terrible experiences on these buses, as far as guides are concerned. If your guide is not informative, get off the bus at the next stop and get on the next one. Alternatively, tune into the English narration channel on the provided headphones, for pre-recorded commentary.
2. Observe from above
Take to one of New York’s observation decks to view the amazing cityscape and surrounding terrain from above. The Empire State Building, Rockefeller Center (Top of the Rock) and One World (One World Observatory) are the places to head skyward. I recommend visiting at sunset to see the City That Never Sleeps transform from day to sparkling night. My personal preference is for Top of the Rock for the reasons noted in 10 Things I Learnt the Had Way Exploring NYC the First Time.
TOP TIP: If you’re on a budget, skip the observation decks and get a drink at one of the plentiful rooftop bars. Options include The Roof at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Bar 54 (Hyatt Centric Times Square) and Bar SixtyFive (Rockefeller Center). Alternatively, if you are under 21 years old or don’t feel like dressing up for the occasion, take a return trip on the Roosevelt Island Tramway for a mere $4.
3. Explore the Financial District
See Wall St, the Charging Bull, New York Stock Exchange, Battery Park and other well-known sights of New York’s iconic Financial District. A walking tour will give you insights into the interesting history of the area including how Wall St got its name.
4. See Lady Liberty
While you’re at the southern end of Manhattan, it’s a good time to see the Statue of Liberty. There are three grades of ticket – the cheapest being just for the ferry and grounds (includes audio tour), one for entering the pedestal which contains a museum and viewing platforms, and the most expensive ticket that will take you all the way to the top, inside Lady Liberty’s crown (reservations need to be made about 3 months in advance).
I will be honest with you – I paid to climb to the crown on my first trip and I don’t think it was worth it. The space is cramped meaning you only get a few minutes there and that’s really all you need because the windows are tinny. Furthermore, when the weather is bad, low lying cloud mars the view of Manhattan. The Crown Reserve ticket is only about $3 more than the Pedestal, so if it really means a lot to you, go ahead but in my humble opinion the Pedestal is as far as you need to go and gives you access to the museum inside, which is worthwhile.
Your State of Liberty ferry ticket also covers you for a stop at Ellis Island. Unless you have a lot of time, or have some family/cultural history associated with the former federal immigration station, I would skip it and just observe as you sail on past.
TOP TIP: Budget travellers may prefer to jump on the free Staten Island Ferry from Manhattan’s South Ferry Terminal and take the 25-minute trip to Staten Island which cruises right past the Statue of Liberty.
5. Pay your respects at the 9/11 Memorial
While in the Lower Manhattan area, you may like to visit Ground Zero of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Here, in the footprint of the fallen World Trade Center twin towers are two giant reflecting pools. There is also a Memorial Museum that documents the attacks and the many stories of victims and other New Yorkers from that day. Please remember to offer due respect when visiting the Memorial. This is a place for quiet reflection on a tragic event, not a tourist attraction for smiling selfies.
6. Cycle or stroll in Central Park
Central Park is not only an attractive green space but contains historic architecture, public art, premium restaurants, a zoo, vintage carousel and an ancient Egyptian obelisk. To New Yorkers squeezed into tiny inner-city apartments, the Park is very much their shared backyard, which also makes it great for people watching. If your feet are sore at this point, you can pay for an overpriced horse and buggy ride or rent a bike to get around the expansive 3.4 sq km (1.3 sq mi) landscape.
TOP TIP: The winding, crisscrossing paths of Central Park make it easy to get disoriented once your inside. Pick up a map at information and look at it frequently.
7. Take in the bright lights of Broadway and Times Square
Let me be frank, Times Square is my least favourite part of all New York City. That was a difficult thing for me to come to terms with at first because I love theater and Times Square is at the heart of the Theater District, but the fact is I freaking hate it. You want to know what those bright lights are? Advertising – non-stop all day. It’s like free to air television without the television shows, just ad after ad trying to get you to buy something you don’t need or want. Add hordes of tourists, traffic jams and people dressed as characters wanting tips to have their photo taken with you – AHHHHH!
However, I am going to tell you to go there anyway – judge for yourself – and more importantly see a Broadway show. The historic theatres are beautiful and the shows are top-notch of course.
TOP TIP: Unless there is a show you absolutely must see without fail, in which case book well in advance, head to the TKTS booth in Times Square about 5pm and get same day tickets for discounted prices. Go prepared with a shortlist of your preferred 3-4 shows, and you can get some great deals. We sat in fifth row at School of Rock and the director’s box at Cirque Du Soleil’s Paramour, both for half-price.
8. Visit at least one museum
There are so many world-class museums in New York City it can be hard to choose. I advise starting with at least one of the classics: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met), Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and the American Museum of Natural History. Highlights tours taken by museum curators are a superb way of getting insights into a vast collection in a short space of time. You can see some of my personal favourite art highlights from New York City museums here.
TOP TIP: Most of the big museums have a pay-as-you-wish or free time during the week. Check individual museum websites for details. Note they will be packed full of frugal people like yourself. MoMA on a Friday night is crazy town!
What else to see when visiting NYC for the first time
Now if you’re still with me and have more time to spend in New York City, we’ve just capped off the absolute brightest highlights. Now we want to dig into some of the neighbourhoods and boroughs not yet covered and what they have to offer. I’m not going to list them in any kind of recommended order, as it will depend on your interests. However, if you were to ask me, Lower East Side and East Village are the most interesting, while the Upper East Side is a yawn-fest. After the above, Midtown is where you are going to find your next most iconic sights such as Grand Central Station, 5th Avenue stores like the flagship Tiffany’s (yep the one that Audrey Hepburn ate breakfast peering in the front window), the Chrysler Building and Rockefeller and the Empire State.
- Historic sites and architecture – including Wall St, New York Stock Exchange, New York City Hall
- Charging Bull
- Access to the Brooklyn Bridge
- September 11 Memorial and Museum
- Access to Ellis Island, the Statue of Liberty
- Battery Park
Chinatown & Little Italy
- Affordable dining
- Knock off everything – sunglasses, handbags, perfume etc (remember you get what you paid for) and cheap souvenirs
- Architecture – Manhattan Bridge approach
TriBeCa, Nolita & Soho
- Trendy restaurants and bars
- Celebrity spotting
- Architecture – SoHo is known for it’s cast-iron buildings, it claims the best collection of surviving cast-iron architecture in the world.
- Boutique shopping
Lower East Side & East Village
- Creative community
- Great dining and bars – including speakeasies
- Historic Jewish food institutions – for example Yonah Shimmel’s Knish Bakery, Katz and Russ & Daughters
- Tenement Museum
- Former music club CBGB and other remnants of East Coast punk history
- Cool shopping and dining
- Live music venues such as Café Wha?
- Historic sites – such as The Stonewall Inn
- Locations from television shows – most notable: Sex and the City and Friends
- People watching – Washington Square Park
Chelsea, the Meatpacking District and the Garment District
- The High Line
- Whitney Museum of American Art
- Art galleries
- Nightlife – bars, nightclubs, gay clubs
- Dining – Chelsea Market
The Flatiron District, Union Square & Gramercy Park
- Impressive architecture – The Flatiron Building, historic residences and clubs
- Dining – includes Eataly
- Off-Broadway Theatre
Times Square, Midtown West and Hell’s Kitchen
- Museums – MoMA and Intrepid Air and Space Museum
- Rockefeller Center
- Radio City Music Hall
- Shopping – Macy’s flagship store and one of the largest department stores in the world
- Madison Square Garden – sport and music venue
Midtown East & Murray Hill
- United Nations HQ
- Iconic architecture – includes Empire State Building, Grand Central Station, St Patrick’s Cathedral, New York Public Mid-Manhattan Library at 42nd Street and the Chrysler Building
- Shopping – luxury stores on 5th Avenue including the flagship Tiffany’s store and Bloomingdale’s flagship store
Upper West Side
- Museums – American Museum of Natural History and the New York Historical Society
- Restaurants and bars
- Performing arts – opera, classical music and ballet at the Lincoln Center which includes The Julliard School
- Central Park access
Upper East Side
- Old money – the Upper East Side is a very upmarket, largely residential neighbourhood
- Museum Mile – includes The Met, Neue Galerie, Solomon R. Guggenheim, Cooper-Hewitt National Museum of Design, Jewish Museum and more
- Shopping – luxury brands on Madison avenue
- Central Park access
- Restaurants and bars
- Historic sites – such as the Apollo Theatre
- Street art – including the Street Art Wall of Fame
Building your New York City itinerary
I suggest marking all your must-see places and sights on a Google MyMap (or use this link to steal mine here and tailor it to your journey) so you can see where they are in relation to one another, and where a central location for accommodation might be. For most people accommodation in the Midtown/Times Square will be the most convenient.
Be prepared to change your plans on the fly because New York weather can be unpredictable. For instance, at the last minute, we decided to do Central Park the day we arrived because the forecast was sunny and warm, while the rest of the week was going to be cold and wet.
Other resources for first time New York City visitors
- A New York packing list for every season with a downloadable checklist
- Tips and mistakes to avoid on your first visit
- Want more things to do in New York City? I cover seasonal activities including sports events, fine dining, exploring beyond Manhattan and more in Things to do in New York City (the Second Time).
Enjoy visiting NYC for the first time! It is an exciting destination and you are sure to find something there that takes your fancy, if not all of it. You will likely come away with very sore feet, an SD card (or two) full of photos and a memory full of great experiences and inspiration.
Peace, love & inspiring travel,